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The Lachine Massacre

On August 5, 1689, a band of Iroquois attacked the Lachine settlement. Some of the inhabitants sought refuge at Fort Rémy, not far from Maison LeBer-LeMoyne. Houses were burned and nearly a hundred French colonists were killed or captured, or simply disappeared. This raid, which traumatized the population, arose from hostility between the rival groups dispu- ting ownership of the territory and control of trade: the English, the French and their respective First Nations allies.

1. Maquette of Fort Rémy

Erected in the 1670s, Fort Rémy was an outpost for Ville-Marie and a refuge for the inhabitants of Lachine. Its wooden palisades protected the first local institutions: the flour mill, the wooden chapel, the rectory, the barracks, the powder magazine and Jean Milot’s house. The fort was located one kilometre east of Maison LeBer-LeMoyne. It was named in honour of Pierre Rémy (1640- 1726), the first priest of the Saints-Anges parish.

Maquette made by Lucien Bourgault. Anonymous gift RE-1940-002-1.10

2. Pellets and birdshot (54)

Lead, 17th century. Handmade. The larger pellets are 2-5 mm in diameter and the birdshot, 1-2 mm. Used for hunting small game. AR-2000-391-1.54

3. Flattened bullet

Lead, 17th century. AR-2000-158

4. Rifle hammer

Wrought iron, 17th century.

Restored by the Centre de conservation du Québec AR-2000-042

5. Gunflints (2)

Flint, 17th century. Flake knapped from a flint core. AR-2000-059, AR-2000-264

6. Gunflint chips (firing debris)

Flint, 17th century. AR-2000-353 to 357