A Strategic Establishment

Jacques LeBer and Charles LeMoyne were wealthy merchants who bought René-Robert Cavelier de La Salle’s tract of land and buildings in 1669. Within two years they had built a stone house there, not for themselves but as a workplace for their employees. This building was used for storage and other aspects of the fur trade. Clearly visible on a promontory accessible by overland route, it was an obligatory stopping place between Ville-Marie (Montréal) and the Upper Country.

To avoid the tempestuous Lachine rapids, voyageurs bound for the Great Lakes loaded their canoes with merchandise there and offloaded their cargo of furs on the return journey. The house also served as a supply station and trading post.

Upper Country (Les Pays d’en Haut):

The Great Lakes and upper Mississippi River region was so named in the 17th century because, to reach it, travellers had to navigate upstream from Lachine.

Cutting and Measuring Tools

These tools are similar to those used in the 17th century for building and decorating Maison LeBer-LeMoyne.

Outils de taille et de mesure :

Ces outils rappellent ceux utilisés au XVIIe siècle pour la construction et l’ornementation de la Maison LeBer-LeMoyne.

Outils de taille et de mesure :

1. Équerre

Bois et fer. Pour tracer des angles droits ou des perpendiculaires.

Don anonyme RC-1974-L25-2

2. Compas de charpentier

Bois et fer. Pour mesurer des angles, transposer des longueurs et tracer des cercles.

Don anonyme RC-1974-L25-4

3. Ciseau

Métal. Pour travailler le bois, le fer et la pierre.

Don anonyme RG-1998-093

4. Maillet

Bois. Pour frapper, enfoncer.

Don anonyme RC-1974-L34-9

Outils d’équarrissage :

5. Tille (herminette)

Bois et fer. Pour faire sauter les nœuds ou pour creuser les auges.

Don anonyme RC-1974-L10-6

6. Hache à équarrir

Bois et fer. Pour équarrir une poutre, c’est-à-dire la tailler à angles droits.

Don anonyme RC-1974-L15-2