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A DISPLAY CASE

Sous-titre

The 19th Century


Affluent British Families

In 1803, after a long, tortuous legal dispute, the house and farm became the property of Donald Grant, a fur merchant working with the North West Company. During his frequent trips to the Upper Country, his brother John managed his affairs.


Digging work for the canal cut off part of the Maison LeBer-LeMoyne land. The property was also intersected by Upper Lachine Road (a Crown road) and Lower Lachine Road, south of which sat a house used as a school. John Grant acquired part of this land in 1812 and later became the sole owner. The farm was sold to William MacDonald in 1842.


John Grant, born in Scotland in 1754, arrived in North America in 1771. He was one of the leading Lachine residents involved in shipping between Lake Ontario and Montréal. His holdings included transport facilities near the mouth of the canal. In 1812, he owned a fleet of 38 ships. He died in August 1817.


A display case


1. Writing box

Pine and iron. Small wooden chest used as a portable desk. Assembled with dovetail joints, original hinges and colour. The writing surface slopes down to a narrow ledge. The box could be locked with a key and served to store documents and letters. Writing boxes, similar to but larger than writing cases and lap desks, are rare. In the 18th century they were used by notaries and other professionals and were found in religious communities.


Gift of Yves St-Germain

Restored by the Centre de conservation du Québec RF-1983-L3-13


2. Boot blacking pot (?)

Stoneware.


Anonymous gift RV-1948-L2B-9


3. Boot blacking pot

Found in the front wall of the house during restoration (1980-1985). Stamped: “BLACKING BOT...”. Blacking was commonly used to polish horse tack. RG-2000-031

4 & 5. Inkwells (2)

4 Coarse stoneware, brown salt glaze, 19th century. Small (5 cm diam.) flat bottom. England. AR-1998-205

5. Stoneware.

Small inkwell with collared neck.


Anonymous gift RV-1948-L2B-8b


6 to 10. Coins (5) Copper alloy


Restored by the Centre de conservation du Québec


6. 1772 or 1775.

Right profile of George III; seated Britannia. AR-2000-046

7. 18th century. Both sides worn smooth. AR-2000-047

8. 1812. Profile of George III wearing a laurel wreath; seated Themis holding a pair of scales. AR-2000-077

9. 19th century. Seated Britannia; right profile. Date, probably around 1813, worn away. AR-2000-096

10. 19th century. Left profile; other side worn smooth. AR-2000-110


11. Thimble

Copper alloy, 19th century. Flared edge.


Restored by the Centre de conservation du Québec AR-1999-009


12. Bowl (partial)

Pearlware, 18th century. Band of brown slip (liquid clay) sprinkled with stars and underscored in gold, an unusual decoration. Painted green and orangey floral pattern on body. England.

AR-1999-200


13. Plate fragment

Refined white earthenware, 19th century. Transfer-printed blue floral decoration. British manufacturers began using transfer-printing techniques to decorate refined earthenwares in the late 18th century. AR-1998-201


14. Bowl fragment

Fine hard Oriental porcelain, 18th century. Painted blue pagoda and island pattern. Base and lower part of hemispheric body. China. AR-1998-202


15. Plate fragments

Pearlware, 18th century. Contiguous shards forming a narrow segment of the rim. Painted blue shell-edge decoration. By the late 19th century, this type of decoration had evolved to become a solid blue band. England. AR-2000-203


16. Plate fragment

Refined white earthenware, 19th century. Painted green shell-edge decoration. Rim shard. England.

AR-1999-204


17. Fork

Steel, 19th century. Table utensil. Tines only, rat-tail tang*.


Restored by the Centre de conservation du Québec AR-2000-206

* Tang: The end of the neck that extends into the handle.


18. Knife handle

Iron and bone, 19th century. Table utensil. Flat tang. AR-2000-207

Utensil handle. Bone, 19th century. Table utensil. Two iron rivets, part of flat tang still in place. AR-2000-208